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Solidus Snake and Raiden participate in the First Liberian Civil War. Raiden becomes an outstanding child soldier in Solidus's Small Boy Unit, earning nicknames such as "White Devil" and "Jack the Ripper."

The National Missile Defense program is first conceptualized, to the controversy of other countries.

START III is initially proposed by the Russian president during the late 1990s, but America refuses it, unwilling to lose its title as the world's sole remaining nuclear superpower.

Emma Emmerich is born.

Big Boss returns to the U.S. military as the commander of the Special Forces unit FOXHOUND.

Frank Jaeger is awarded the codename "Fox," the highest commemoration in FOXHOUND.

Hal Emmerich has an affair with his stepmother, Julie Danziger, which Emma Emmerich briefly witnesses.[1][2] Huey Emmerich learns of the affair, and later commits suicide by drowning himself in the family pool, almost taking Emma with him.[1] The death is reported as an accident,[1] and Emma develops a severe fear of water. Hal, out of guilt, leaves his family.[3]


In Nicaragua, the Contras agree to negotiations with the Sandinista National Liberation Front, putting an end to the conflict.

The use of conventional armed forces stabilizes between East and West, and negotiations over mutual reduction is approved by both.[4]

June 1st: At the Washington Summit, the U.S. President and Mikhail Gorbachev sign the U.S.-Soviet Agreement on Destruction and Non-Production of CW and on Measures to Facilitate the Multilateral Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).[4]

After losing her parents, Nastasha Romanenko moves to the USA.

August 2nd: Iraq invades Kuwait, triggering the Gulf War.[5]

Sundowner fights in the Gulf War.

October 3rd: East and West Germany are reunited.[6]

November 19th: CFE (Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe) is signed.[4]


Solid Snake joins the United States Army and, as a member of the Green Berets, is sent on a mission to infiltrate western Iraq during the Gulf War.[5]

Liquid Snake joins the Special Air Service. As a member of the SAS, he is sent into the Gulf War to destroy mobile SCUD missile launchers.[5] During the mission, he becomes a prisoner of war and is declared missing in action.

January 17th - February 27th: The United Nations authorize coalition forces launches Operation Desert Storm against Iraq during the Gulf War.[6] The U.S. Army injects its troops with "Soldier Genes", identified from the study of Big Boss's DNA, as part of the Genome Soldier project, developed by Dr. Clark. The side effects of these injections are disguised as the Gulf War Syndrome. The Pentagon publishes a study claiming that the Gulf War Syndrome was caused by exposure to depleted uranium anti-tank rounds, to cover up the project.

January 22nd - 27th: The SAS mission to set up an observation post in the main supply route between Baghdad and northwestern Iraq and possibly destroy Iraqi Scud missile launchers, Bravo Two Zero, commences, but results in failure.

February 24th - February 27th: Operation Desert Sabre, a massive ground attack, is conducted by the United States Armed Forces shortly after the 38-day air strike during Operation Desert Storm. The Marine who will later become Khamsin plays a major role in the operation's success.

January 26th: The Somali Civil War erupts.

May 21st: The Eritrean War of Independence ends.

December 8th: The Soviet Union collapses and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) rises in its place.[6][5]

December 26th: The beginning of the Algerian Civil War. The girl who will grow up to be Mistral becomes an orphan during in this conflict.

Regulation talks over SDI come to dissatisfaction.[4]

LNF (Long-range Nuclear Force) total abandonment commences.[4]

Output of high-powered lasers are improved.[4]


Nastasha Romanenko joins the DIA, where she meets Richard Ames, her future husband.

March 31st: The USS Missouri is decommissioned for the second time, where it is placed in a museum in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

April 22: The sewers of the Guadalajara downtown district of Analco exploded between 10:05 and 11:16 UTC-5 time, leaving 252 casualties, over 500 injured, 15,000 left homeless, and thousands of homes ruined. Four PENEX workers were charged with negligence as a result.[7]

August 14: Abkhazia, taking advantage of an internal coup within Georgia, declares its independence. Georgia and Abkhazia then fight in a war known as the War in Abkhazia.[7]

October 15: The Mozambican Civil War ends.

December 3rd: The UN gets involved in the Somali Civil War. It spans for nearly four years.

Conventional arms and war machines are reduced across Europe.[4]

The average ratio of GNP per population in Asian Newly Industrialized Countries (NICs) to the world average exceeds 10%.[4]

Development of brain bombs.[4]

Experiment of coil gun is successful.[4]

The athlete who will later become the mercenary Running Man completes the 100 meter dash in 9.69 seconds, during the Barcelona Olympics.


The Chemical Weapons Convention occurs.[8]

January 3rd: The U.S. and Russia sign the START-2 to reduce the number of deployed strategic nuclear warheads to 3,000-3,500 by the end of 2007. However, it has not been ratified as of 2005.[9]

July 3rd: The Candelária massacre occurs in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil when eight young people are killed by a group of men, several of whom are members of the police.[7]

September 21st to October 4th: The 1993 Russian constitutional crisis. Vulcan Raven, along with other members of Vympel, are demoted. Vulcan Raven decides to leave Russia and become a mercenary. He eventually joins Outer Heaven.

September 27th: The War in Abkhazia ends.[7]

SLCM, Sea (surface or underwater) Launched Cruising Missile Regulation Treaty, is signed.[4]

Development of the MBT Goliath begins.[4]

Experiments on rail-velocity guns are restarted.[4]

South Africa acknowledges possession of nuclear weapons and simultaneously pledges to abolish them.[5]


America's Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) is established.[6]

After years in captivity, Liquid Snake is rescued by the United States Government, and returns to the United States.

Postponement of plutonium production for military purposes commences. Krypton-85 density in the atmospheres of America and Russia begin to stabilize.[4]

The U.S. Army restarts the development of mortar weaponry.[4]

Laser weapon experiments begin outside the Earth’s atmosphere.[4]

The Costa Rican government persuades Panama to abolish its military.

October 14th: The movie Pulp Fiction is released.[7]

December 11th: The First Chechen War begins.[10][7]

Formation of the Taliban.[5]

The Taliban began to gain influence in Afghanistan.[5]


CTBT recognized by the United Nations General Assembly.[6]

March 3rd: The UN withdraws their involvement in the Somali Civil War. The disastrous results will later lead to their reluctance in terms of their involvement in any internal country squabbles.[7]

Solid Snake joins FOXHOUND.

Average ratio of Japanese GNP per population to world average exceeds 60%.[4]

NASA develops an experimental walking tank for planet exploration.[4]

Metal Gear TX-55 is developed by Dr. Drago Pettrovich Madnar in Outer Heaven.

While commanding special forces unit FOXHOUND from a position in the U.S. military, Big Boss establishes the fortified military nation Outer Heaven in South Africa.[5]

The Outer Heaven Uprising begins.[5]

Operation Intrude N312: The United States brokers FOXHOUND to infiltrate Outer Heaven. Big Boss, the commander of both FOXHOUND and, secretly Outer Heaven, sends his most trusted soldier, Gray Fox, to infiltrate Outer Heaven as a military gesture. Gray Fox is captured by Outer Heaven forces, although not before sending a report of his reconnaissance duties back to FOXHOUND.

Operation Intrude N313: FOXHOUND is forced to send in Solid Snake, a rookie agent, in a follow-up mission to Outer Heaven. Snake rescues Gray Fox, kills Big Boss's phantom,[5] and destroys Metal Gear TX-55. Solid Snake ends up quitting the unit shortly thereafter.

The Outer Heaven Uprising ends. NATO commences an air raid that leaves many war orphans and refugees dead, regardless of their ties to Outer Heaven or not, and the surviving natives are saved by Big Boss.

Roy Campbell, FOXHOUND's second-in-command, is appointed commander-in-chief. The unit's codename system is discarded.

Nastasha Romanenko leaves the DIA to become a freelance analyst, and starts writing for assorted information and U.S. Naval magazines.

Solid Snake begins to suffer from nightmares relating to his experiences in the Outer Heaven Uprising.[11]

Courtney Collins is born.


May: Admiral Boorda, the Chief of Naval Operations in charge of the Arsenal Ship Project, dies before the scheduled Phase 2 tests, resulting in the project's cancellation.[12] His death was officially stated to be from suicide. However, shortly afterwards, the void in the Black Budget left from the Arsenal Ship Project being cancelled resulted in ArmsTech taking it up to develop REX, causing various rumors to circulate about how Boorda had truly died.

July 5th: Scientists in Scotland successfully manage to clone the somatic cell of a sheep.[6]

August: Nastasha Romanenko attends the Canberra Commission, the world's first nationally hosted nuclear weapon abolition proposal committee.

Nastasha Romanenko joins NEST (Nuclear Emergency Search Team) as a military and nuclear analyst.

August 11th: The First Chechen war ends.[10][7]

August: The Liberian Civil War ends.

September 10th: The UN adopts the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.

LSI (Large Scale Integration) production using resography and SOR begins.[4]

The movie Escape from L.A. is released.

October 24th: The First Congo War breaks out.[5]

As a result, President Mobutu is ousted from power in Zaire.[5]

The following year, Zaire officially becomes the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[5]


IBM's Supercomputer "Deep Blue" defeats the world champion of chess.[6]

SNF (Short-range Nuclear Force) total abandonment is completed.[4]

An uprising takes place in Central Asia with various international forces, including the CIS, attempting to settle the unrest. They are repeatedly defeated by a band of mercenaries gathered from around the world, during a time known as the Mercenary War. As a result, a democratic military regime, named Zanzibar Land, declares its independence.

July 2nd: The first sub-critical nuclear test is conducted at the Nevada Nuclear Test Facility.

The rapid reproduction of nuclear power plants advances greatly.[4]

Rumors circulate that nearly a hundred suitcase-sized nuclear bombs are missing from the Russian arsenals.[10][13]


26,000 nuclear warheads still exist in the world.[14]

Two sets of nuclear tests are conducted by India.[6]

The Third Oil Shock occurs.[4]

Super LSI circuits with 100 M bit class memory become available.[4]

Metal Gear D is developed in Zanzibar Land.[4]

The movie Godzilla is released.

May: The Eritrean-Ethiopian War begins.

October: The Third Chadian Civil War began.

December 24th: The Russian multipurpose Transport Helicopter, the KA-60 Kasatka, makes its first flight.

The Second Congo War breaks out due to causes such as ethnic hostility and resource conflicts.[5]


The Euro becomes the currency of over 11 countries of the European Union.[6]

The 1999 trials for the National Missile Defense program conclude with a success.

The Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility (DARHT) is completed and established in Los Alamos.

American and Russian nuclear disposal sites are raided by Zanzibar Land forces, utilizing Metal Gear D.

Development of Metal Gear G begins in Zanzibar Land, and plans are made for mass-production.

Czech biologist Dr. Kio Marv creates OILIX, a micro-organism that can produce high quality crude oil.

The Patriots develop a computer program to control information deemed inconvenient to the organization. It is submitted to every military center and civilian computers, the latter via an OS program, under the guise of counteracting the supposed effects of the Y2K bug.

August 26th: The Second Chechen War begins.[7]

Zanzibar Land Disturbance:[5] Zanzibar Land succeeds in becoming one of the few remaining nuclear powers in the world, and begins to invade its neighboring countries at will.

November: Holly White infiltrates Zanzibar Land for the CIA, posing as a journalist.[15]

December: The Khmer Rouge is disbanded.

December 24th: Solid Snake infiltrates Zanzibar Land, defeats Gray Fox and Big Boss, and destroys Metal Gear D. Dr. Marv is killed by Dr. Madnar, who then attempts to kill Snake, before Snake defeats him. Snake vanishes and decides to live in the solitude of Alaska. Gray Fox's body is recovered by FOXHOUND medical chief Dr. Clark for gene therapy experiments. The heavily burned body of Big Boss is retrieved by the Patriots who induce him into a coma using nanomachines.[5] Dr. Madnar survives and goes into hiding in Eastern Europe.

Post-December 24th: Ocelot is scouted by FOXHOUND.

Post-December 24th: Ocelot and EVA plot to destroy the Patriots and to revive Big Boss.

Notes and references Edit

  1. ^ a b c Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
    Otacon: I didn't... I didn't leave you.[sic] ...because of the accident. I had... I had a relationship with your mother. She seduced me... and it went on... My father's death... was no accident. He took his own life... It was my fault. All my fault. Forgive me, Emma...
  2. ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (script), Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
    Otacon: You could see the pool from my room... but I didn’t realize at the time that she needed my help. // Raiden: What were you doing? // Otacon: I... I was... // [Actually Emma saw what was going on before she almost drowned.]
  3. ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
    Solid Snake: When was the last time you saw [Emma]? // Otacon: Over 10 years ago.
    Otacon explains this during the Tanker Incident, which takes place in 2007. The exact year he left is not mentioned.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x The manual for Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, which was written in 1990, details fictional events that occur throughout the 1990s. These include the signing of weapons treaties, the development of advanced technology, and the financial growth of Asian countries. Since these events have not been shown to contradict events in later games, and considering that the Metal Gear universe often diverges from reality, these events are included in the timeline. The manual also contained events which are now deemed non-canon, such as the complete abandonment of "strategic" nuclear weapons (i.e. ICBMs), and the treaties involved with them, since later games reveal that START 2 and 3 were signed to deal with these, similar to the real world.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain ("Truth: The Man Who Sold the World" Ending timeline), Kojima Productions (2015)
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i METAL GEAR SOLID THE LEGACY COLLECTION OFFICIAL WEBSITE. Konami Digital Entertainment (2013). Retrieved on 2014-03-30.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance, Kojima Productions/Platinum Games (2013).
  8. ^
  9. ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
    Roy Campbell: We still haven't even ratified Start 2 or dealt with the issue of TMDs.
  10. ^ a b c Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
  11. ^ In both the original and re-released versions of Metal Gear 2, Solid Snake mentioned that he wanted to end the nightmares he was having for the past three years, due to the date in which the first Metal Gear that was destroyed by him originally occurred in 1996. However, later games establish that the entirety of the Outer Heaven Uprising, including Solid Snake's infiltration mission into Outer Heaven, was done in 1995.
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ Metal Gear Solid (ending), Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
  15. ^ Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, Konami Corporation (1990).
    Holly White: I infiltrated Zanzibar Land a month ago, posing as a journalist.

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