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1990s

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199X

Dates Events
Late 1980s onwards Solidus Snake and Raiden participate in the First Liberian Civil War. [1]
The National Missile Defense program is first conceptualized, to the controversy of other countries. [1]
START III is initially proposed by the Russian president during the late 1990s, but America refuses it, unwilling to relinquish its role as the world's sole remaining nuclear superpower. [2]
Circa 1991 Emma Emmerich is born. [3]
Pre-Outer Heaven Uprising Big Boss returns to the U.S. military as the commander of the Special Forces unit FOXHOUND. [4]
Pre-Outer Heaven Uprising Frank Jaeger is awarded the codename "Fox," the highest commemoration in FOXHOUND. [2]
Circa 1997 Hal Emmerich has an affair with his stepmother, Julie Danziger, which Emma Emmerich briefly witnesses. Huey Emmerich learns of the affair, and later commits suicide by drowning himself in the family pool, almost taking Emma with him. The death is reported as an accident, and Emma develops a severe fear of water. Hal, out of guilt, leaves his family. [5][6][3]

1990

Dates Events
The use of conventional armed forces stabilizes between East and West, and negotiations over mutual reduction is approved by both. [7][note 1]
June 1 U.S.-Soviet Chemical Weapons Accord is signed. [7]
After losing her parents, Nastasha Romanenko moves to the USA. [2]
August 2 Iraq invades Kuwait, triggering the Gulf War. [8]
October 3 East and West Germany are reunited. [9]
November 19 The Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces (CFE) is signed. [7]

1991

Dates Events
January 17 – February 27 The United Nations authorize coalition forces launches Operation Desert Storm against Iraq during the Gulf War. The U.S. Army injects its troops with "soldier genes", identified from the study of Big Boss's DNA, as part of the Genome Soldier project, developed by Dr. Clark. The side effects of these injections are disguised as the Gulf War Syndrome. The Pentagon publishes a study claiming that the Gulf War Syndrome was caused by exposure to depleted uranium anti-tank rounds, to cover up the project. [9]
Solid Snake joins the United States Army and, as a member of the Green Berets, is sent on a mission to infiltrate western Iraq during the Gulf War. [2][8]
Liquid Snake joins the Special Air Service. As a member of the SAS, he is sent into the Gulf War to destroy mobile SCUD missile launchers. During the mission, he becomes a prisoner of war and is declared missing in action. [2][8]
January 26 The Somali Civil War erupts. [10]
February 24 – February 27 Operation Desert Sabre, a massive ground attack, is conducted by the United States Armed Forces shortly after the 38-day air strike during Operation Desert Storm. [10]
May 21 The Eritrean War of Independence ends.
December 8 The Soviet Union collapses and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) rises in its place. [8][9]
December 26 The beginning of the Algerian Civil War. [10]
Regulation talks over SDI come to dissatisfaction. [7]
LNF (Long-range Nuclear Force) total abandonment commences. [7]
Output of high-powered lasers are improved. [7]
Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." It has some level of canonicity within the continuity, but reader discretion is advised.[?]
Dates Events
Sundowner and Khamsin fight in the Gulf War. [10]
Mistral becomes an orphan during in the Algerian Civil War. [10]
Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.

1992

Dates Events
Nastasha Romanenko joins the DIA, where she meets Richard Ames, her future husband. [1][2]
March 31 The USS Missouri is decommissioned for the second time, where it is placed in a museum in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. [4]
April 22 The sewers of the Guadalajara downtown district of Analco explodes, leaving 252 casualties, over 500 injured, 15,000 left homeless, and thousands of homes ruined. Four PENEX workers were charged with negligence as a result. [10]
August 14 Abkhazia, taking advantage of an internal coup within Georgia, declares its independence. Georgia and Abkhazia then fight in a war known as the War in Abkhazia. [10]
October 15 The Mozambican Civil War ends.
December 3 The UN gets involved in the Somali Civil War. It spans for nearly four years. [10]
Conventional arms and war machines are reduced across Europe. [7]
The average ratio of GNP per population in Asian Newly Industrialized Countries (NICs) to the world average exceeds 10%. [7]
Development of brain bombs. [7]
Experiment of coil gun is successful. [7]
Running Man completes the 100 meter dash in 9.69 seconds, during the Barcelona Olympics. [11]

1993

Dates Events
The Chemical Weapons Convention occurs. [12]
January 3 The U.S. and Russia sign the START-2 to reduce the number of deployed strategic nuclear warheads to 3,000-3,500 by the end of 2007. [2]
July 3 The Candelária massacre occurs in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, when eight young people are killed by a group of men, several of whom are members of the police. [10]
September 21 – October 4 The 1993 Russian constitutional crisis. Vulcan Raven, along with other members of Vympel, are demoted. Vulcan Raven decides to leave Russia and become a mercenary. He eventually joins Outer Heaven. [2]
September 27 The War in Abkhazia ends. [10]
SLCM, Sea (surface or underwater) Launched Cruising Missile Regulation Treaty, is signed. [7]
Development of the MBT Goliath begins. [7]
Experiments on rail-velocity guns are restarted. [7]
South Africa acknowledges possession of nuclear weapons and simultaneously pledges to abolish them. [8]

1994

Dates Events
America's Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) is established. [9]
After years in captivity, Liquid Snake is rescued by the United States Government, and returns to the United States. [2]
Postponement of plutonium production for military purposes commences. Krypton-85 density in the atmospheres of America and Russia begin to stabilize. [7]
The U.S. Army restarts the development of mortar weaponry. [7]
Laser weapon experiments begin outside the Earth’s atmosphere. [7]
The Costa Rican government persuades Panama to abolish its military. [13]
October 14 The movie Pulp Fiction is released. [10]
December 11 The First Chechen War begins. [2][10]
Formation of the Taliban, who begin to gain influence in Afghanistan. [8]

1995

Dates Events
Circa 1995 Solid Snake joins FOXHOUND. [12]
CTBT recognized by the United Nations General Assembly. [9]
March 3 The UN withdraws their involvement in the Somali Civil War. The disastrous results will later lead to their reluctance in terms of their involvement in any internal country squabbles. [10]
Average ratio of Japanese GNP per population to world average exceeds 60%. [7]
NASA develops an experimental walking tank for planet exploration. [7]
TX-55 Metal Gear is developed by Drago Pettrovich Madnar in Outer Heaven. [7][12][14]
While commanding special forces unit FOXHOUND from a position in the U.S. military, Big Boss establishes the fortified military nation Outer Heaven in South Africa. [8]
The Outer Heaven Uprising begins. [8]
Operation Intrude N312: The United States brokers FOXHOUND to infiltrate Outer Heaven Gray Fox is assigned to undetrake the mission but is captured. [14]
Operation Intrude N313: FOXHOUND sends rookie agent Solid Snake to Outer Heaven. Snake rescues Gray Fox, kills Big Boss's phantom, and destroys TX-55 Metal Gear. Snake quits the unit shortly thereafter. [8]
The Outer Heaven Uprising ends. NATO conducts an air raid that leaves many war orphans and refugees dead, and the survivors are rescued by Big Boss. [15]
Roy Campbell, FOXHOUND's second-in-command, is appointed commander-in-chief. [7]
Nastasha Romanenko leaves the DIA to become a freelance analyst, and starts writing for assorted information and U.S. Naval magazines. [12]
Solid Snake begins to suffer from nightmares relating to his experiences in the Outer Heaven Uprising. [note 2]
Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." It has some level of canonicity within the continuity, but reader discretion is advised.[?]
Dates Events
Courtney Collins is born. [10]
Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.

1996

Dates Events
May Admiral Boorda, the Chief of Naval Operations in charge of the Arsenal Ship Project, dies before the scheduled Phase 2 tests, resulting in the project's cancellation. The Pentagon's black budget is later reassigned to ArmsTech for the development of Metal Gear REX. [1][12]
July 5 Scientists in Scotland successfully manage to clone the somatic cell of a sheep. [9]
August Nastasha Romanenko attends the Canberra Commission, the world's first nationally hosted nuclear weapon abolition proposal committee. [12]
Nastasha Romanenko joins the Nuclear Emergency Search Team (NEST) as a military and nuclear analyst. [2]
August 11 The First Chechen War ends. [2][10]
August The First Liberian Civil War ends.
September 10 The UN adopts the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. [12]
Large Scale Integration (LSI) production using resography and SOR begins. [7]
The movie Escape from L.A. is released. [1]
October 24 The First Congo War breaks out. President Mobutu is ousted from power in Zaire. [8]
The following year, Zaire officially becomes the Democratic Republic of the Congo. [8]

1997

Dates Events
IBM's Supercomputer "Deep Blue" defeats the world champion of chess. [9]
SNF (Short-range Nuclear Force) total abandonment is completed. [7]
The Mercenary War: Zanzibar Land declares independence. [7]
July 2 The first sub-critical nuclear test is conducted at the Nevada Nuclear Test Facility. [2]
The rapid reproduction of nuclear power plants advances greatly. [7]
It is rumored that a hundred suitcase-sized nuclear bombs go missing from Russian arsenals. [2]

1998

Dates Events
26,000 nuclear warheads still exist in the world. [16]
Two sets of nuclear tests are conducted by India. [9]
The Third Oil Shock occurs. [7]
Super LSI circuits with 100 M bit class memory become available. [7]
Metal Gear D is developed in Zanzibar Land. [7]
The movie Godzilla is released. [1]
The Second Congo War breaks out due to causes such as ethnic hostility and resource conflicts. [8]

1999

Dates Events
The Euro becomes the currency of over 11 countries of the European Union. [9]
The 1999 trials for the National Missile Defense program conclude with a success. [1]
The Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility (DARHT) is completed and established in Los Alamos. [2]
American and Russian nuclear disposal sites are raided by Zanzibar Land forces, utilizing Metal Gear D. [7]
Development of Metal Gear G begins in Zanzibar Land, and plans are made for mass-production. [7]
Czech biologist Dr. Kio Marv creates OILIX, a micro-organism that can produce high quality crude oil. [11]
The Patriots develop a computer program to control information deemed inconvenient to the organization. It is submitted to every military center and civilian computers, the latter via an OS program, under the guise of counteracting the supposed effects of the Y2K bug. [1]
August 26 The Second Chechen War begins. [10]
Zanzibar Land becomes one of the few remaining nuclear powers in the world, and begins to invade neighboring countries at will. [11]
November Holly White infiltrates Zanzibar Land for the CIA, posing as a journalist. [17]
December 24 Zanzibar Land Disturbance: Solid Snake infiltrates Zanzibar Land, defeats Gray Fox and Big Boss, and destroys Metal Gear D. Kio Marv is killed by Dr. Madnar, who is then neutralized by Snake. [11]
Post-Zanzibar Land Disturbance Snake vanishes and retires to the solitude of Alaska. [2]
Gray Fox's body is recovered by FOXHOUND medical chief Dr. Clark for gene therapy experiments. [2]
The heavily burned body of Big Boss is retrieved by the Patriots who induce him into a coma using nanomachines. [8]
Dr. Madnar survives and goes into hiding in Eastern Europe. [4]
Ocelot is scouted by FOXHOUND. [12]
Ocelot and EVA plot to destroy the Patriots and to revive Big Boss. [4]

Notes

  1. ^ The manual for Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, which was written in 1990, details fictional events that occur throughout the 1990s. These include the signing of weapons treaties, the development of advanced technology, and the financial growth of Asian countries. Since these events have not been shown to contradict events in later games, and considering that the Metal Gear universe often diverges from reality, they are included in the timeline. The manual also contained events which are now deemed non-canon, such as the complete abandonment of "strategic" nuclear weapons (i.e. ICBMs), and the treaties involved with them, since later games reveal that START 2 and 3 were signed to deal with these, similar to the real world.
  2. ^ In both the original and re-released versions of Metal Gear 2, Solid Snake mentions that he wanted to end the nightmares he was having for the past three years, due to the date in which the first Metal Gear that was destroyed by him originally occurred in 1996. However, later games and sources establish that the entirety of the Outer Heaven Uprising, including Solid Snake's infiltration mission into Outer Heaven, was done in 1995.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
  3. ^ a b Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
    Solid Snake: When was the last time you saw [Emma]? // Otacon: Over 10 years ago [as of 2007].
  4. ^ a b c d Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots, Kojima Productions (2008).
  5. ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
    Otacon: I didn't... I didn't leave you.[sic] ...because of the accident. I had... I had a relationship with your mother. She seduced me... and it went on... My father's death... was no accident. He took his own life... It was my fault. All my fault. Forgive me, Emma...
  6. ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (script), Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
    Otacon: You could see the pool from my room... but I didn’t realize at the time that she needed my help. // Raiden: What were you doing? // Otacon: I... I was... // [Actually Emma saw what was going on before she almost drowned.]
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake - User Manual, Konami Corporation (1990).
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain ("Truth: The Man Who Sold the World" Ending timeline), Kojima Productions (2015).
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i METAL GEAR SOLID THE LEGACY COLLECTION OFFICIAL WEBSITE. Konami Digital Entertainment (2013). Retrieved on 2014-03-30.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance, Kojima Productions/Platinum Games (2013).
  11. ^ a b c d Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, Konami Corporation (1990).
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Metal Gear Solid 4 Database, Kojima Productions (2008).
  13. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010).
  14. ^ a b Metal Gear - User's Manual, Konami Corporation (1987).
  15. ^ Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, Konami Corporation (1990).
    Solid Snake: What are you saying, Schneider? // Kyle Schneider: ...Snake, after you destroyed Metal Gear, NATO launched a massive bombing campaign against Outer Heaven. All of us Resistance fighters...and the children of Outer Heaven...they didn't care about any of us. There was no escape from the flames... They died like animals in a cage. // Snake: I... can't believe this... // Schneider: Think about it. The children of Outer Heaven were originally orphans and refugees from all over the world. They were a liability... and NATO didn't want to deal with them... // Snake: ...No... // Schneider: You're no different. They'll forget about you, too... But he wasn't like them... // Snake: Who...? // Schnider: He came... and saved us from annihilation. He forgave us for what we'd done. He gave us a new land to call home... A new family... // Snake: He did...? You mean... // Schneider: Snake, you'll understand soon... what a wonderful man [Big Boss] is...
  16. ^ Metal Gear Solid (ending), Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
  17. ^ Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, Konami Corporation (1990).
    Holly White: I infiltrated Zanzibar Land a month ago, posing as a journalist.


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