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FAMAS
FAMAS-G2
Name FAMAS
Origin Flag of France France
Designer Paul Tellie
Manufacturer GIAT Industries (now Nexter)
Weight 3.61 kg (7.96 lb)
Length 757 mm (29.8 in)
Barrel length 488 mm (19.2 in)
Width 5.56x45mm NATO
Cartridge 5.56mm
Action Lever-delayed blowback
Muzzle velocity 960 m/s (3,100 ft/s)
Feed system 25-round box magazine

The FAMAS (French: Fusil d'Assaut de la Manufacture d'Armes de Saint-Étienne, Assault Rifle by St-Étienne Arms Factory), is an assault rifle firing the 5.56 x 45mm NATO cartridge from a 25- or 30-round box magazine, depending on the version of the weapon. It is the standard-issue weapon for the French military and the Next-Generation Special Forces. Its distinctive shape has earned it the affectionate nickname Le Clairon ("Trumpet") among troops.

Information Edit

The FAMAS is of the bullpup configuration, meaning that the action and magazine are located behind the grip instead of in front of it. This means that the FAMAS can be of shorter overall length (comparable to a carbine) despite its 488mm barrel, allowing for a compact yet accurate firearm. The downside is that the FAMAS cannot be shot from the left shoulder without modification (by changing the extractor claw from left to right) and reloading may prove to be awkward at times.

The FAMAS has earned a somewhat mixed reputation. Early reliability issues were mostly corrected in the rifle's first few years of service, though occasional feeding problems remain. Compared with other bullpup rifles, the FAMAS is mostly superior to the British L-85, but cannot compete with the Austrian Steyr AUG in terms of reliability, ergonomics, and accuracy. Those who have fired both weapons almost universally prefer the American M16/M4 over the FAMAS.

The FAMAS variant used by the French military is the F1, while the Genome Army use the G1; an intermediate model that retained the original 25-round magazines while introducing the full handguard. Eventually, the G1 became the G2; an export model able to accept NATO standard STANAG magazines used by the M16 and other NATO firearms.

It's ammunition type were 5.56x45mm NATO cartridges. It was largely because of this ammunition type that it sometimes was referred to as a "Five-five-sixer."

HistoryEdit

Shadow Moses IncidentEdit

Main Article

During the Shadow Moses Incident, the FAMAS was the standard assault rifle of the Sons of Big Boss. Liquid Snake later utilized a FAMAS during the Jeep chase in the Supply Route nearing the end of the mission.

The Manhattan IncidentEdit

See the Tanker Incident and the Big Shell Incident

While infiltrating the USS Discovery in 2007, Solid Snake managed to procure a FAMAS rifle on board the ship, and proceeded to use the weapon against some of the Gurlukovich Mercenaries.[1]

Behind the scenes Edit

Metal Gear Solid Edit

SnakefamasVR
Snake firing the FAMAS in a VR Mission.
THE GMoDAdded by THE GMoD

The FAMAS first appears in the original Metal Gear Solid, in which it is used by the enemy soldiers. The FAMAS is not normally used by any U.S. Special Forces, since their standard issue weapon is usually the M4A1. The FAMAS was most likely chosen for the game due to being a then-obscure weapon combined with its blocky design being easier to render with the PlayStation engine, much like the SOCOM. The M4 has a more cylinder-based design, which would have been difficult to make with a 32-bit 3D graphic system.

A FAMAS rifle can be located in the Armory of the tank hangar after the player procures the Lv.2 card key from Kenneth Baker. While it is slightly less powerful per-shot than the SOCOM, its rapid rate of fire makes it an effective weapon against multiple enemy soldiers and against Psycho Mantis. It is the only fully-automatic weapon in the game, though its use is restricted due to the noise it creates. In the remake The Twin Snakes, the FAMAS is equipped with a laser sight for added precision.

Later appearances Edit

"A 5.56mm caliber assault rifle. The first model was adopted by the French army in 1978. The chamber is situated behind the grip in bullpup style, giving the rifle a short total length comparable to a carbine model despite its 500mm barrel. This shape has earned the FAMAS the nickname "Trumpet.""
— Weapon description in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops Plus
IMG 1868
FAMAS in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops Plus.
Metal-gear-solid-2-4
Appearance in Metal Gear Solid 2.
Hoe HunterAdded by Hoe Hunter
Besides its appearance in Metal Gear Solid/The Twin Snakes, the FAMAS is only later seen in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops Plus. At one point, it was to have been included in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Early trailers show Snake firing a FAMAS aboard the tanker USS Discovery. It is also seen in the final version during a cutscene when Iroquois Pliskin is talking to Raiden about the Tanker Incident where it is being used by Solid Snake to shoot an enemy soldier while he is distracted by falling fruit. The scene in question was likewise based on a gameplay sequence where the player had to escape from the tanker. It was cut due to being received poorly by the fanbase. It is not known why it was omitted, or why Metal Gear Solid 4's expansive weapon list did not include it. However, given the stringent quality control placed on Japanese miniature company Tamiya by GIAT, over their model of the LeClerc, it is possible that the manufacturer declined to allow it to be in any further games. On the other hand, with Metal Gear Solid 4's CQC inclusion, the bullpup configuration would make it unable to perform SMG/rifle CQC, since the magazine would go through the player. Although it was omitted as a usable weapon in Metal Gear Solid 4, it did nonetheless make an appearance in the game as part of the Metal Gear Solid flashbacks as well as the nightmare Snake experienced while on his way to Shadow Moses Island.

Appearances Edit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001)
    Snake's use of the FAMAS is seen during various flashbacks to the Tanker Incident during the Plant Chapter, in particular Snake and Otacon's recollection of the event following President Johnson's death.

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