The FAMAS (French: Fusil d'Assaut de la Manufacture d'Armes de Saint-Étienne, Assault Rifle by St-Étienne Arms Factory), is an assault rifle firing the 5.56 x 45mm NATO cartridge from a 25- or 30-round box magazine, depending on the version of the weapon. It is the standard-issue weapon for the French military and the Next-Generation Special Forces. Its distinctive shape has earned it the affectionate nickname Le Clairon ("Trumpet") among troops.
The FAMAS is of the bullpup configuration, meaning that the action and magazine are located behind the grip instead of in front of it. This means that the FAMAS can be of shorter overall length (comparable to a carbine) despite its 488mm barrel, allowing for a compact yet accurate firearm. The downside is that the FAMAS cannot be shot from the left shoulder without modification (by changing the extractor claw from left to right) and reloading may prove to be awkward at times.
The FAMAS has earned a somewhat mixed reputation. Early reliability issues were mostly corrected in the rifle's first few years of service, though occasional feeding problems remain. Compared with other bullpup rifles, the FAMAS is mostly superior to the British L-85, but cannot compete with the Austrian Steyr AUG in terms of reliability, ergonomics, and accuracy. Those who have fired both weapons almost universally prefer the American M16/M4 over the FAMAS.
The FAMAS variant used by the French military is the F1, while the Genome Army use the G1; an intermediate model that retained the original 25-round magazines while introducing the full handguard. Eventually, the G1 became the G2; an export model able to accept NATO standard STANAG magazines used by the M16 and other NATO firearms.
It's ammunition type were 5.56x45mm NATO cartridges. It was largely because of this ammunition type that it sometimes was referred to as a "Five-five-sixer."
During the Shadow Moses Incident, the FAMAS was the standard assault rifle of the Sons of Big Boss. Liquid Snake later utilized a FAMAS during the Jeep chase in the Supply Route nearing the end of the mission.
Behind the scenes Edit
Metal Gear Solid Edit
The FAMAS first appears in the original Metal Gear Solid, in which it is used by the enemy soldiers. The FAMAS is not normally used by any U.S. Special Forces, since their standard issue weapon is usually the M4A1. The FAMAS was most likely chosen for the game due to being a then-obscure weapon combined with its blocky design being easier to render with the PlayStation engine, much like the SOCOM. The M4 has a more cylinder-based design, which would have been difficult to make with a 32-bit 3D graphic system.
A FAMAS rifle can be located in the Armory of the tank hangar after the player procures the Lv.2 card key from Kenneth Baker. While it is slightly less powerful per-shot than the SOCOM, its rapid rate of fire makes it an effective weapon against multiple enemy soldiers and against Psycho Mantis. It is the only fully-automatic weapon in the game, though its use is restricted due to the noise it creates. In the remake The Twin Snakes, the FAMAS is equipped with a laser sight for added precision.
Later appearances Edit
- "A 5.56mm caliber assault rifle. The first model was adopted by the French army in 1978. The chamber is situated behind the grip in bullpup style, giving the rifle a short total length comparable to a carbine model despite its 500mm barrel. This shape has earned the FAMAS the nickname "Trumpet.""
- — Weapon description in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops Plus
- Metal Gear Solid
- Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (flashback/cutscene only)
- Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes
- Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops Plus
- Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots (flashbacks/Shadow Moses dream only)
Notes and referencesEdit
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001)
Snake's use of the FAMAS is seen during various flashbacks to the Tanker Incident during the Plant Chapter, in particular Snake and Otacon's recollection of the event following President Johnson's death.