An intelligence agency is a government agency responsible for the collection, analysis or exploitation of information and intelligence in support of law enforcement, national security, defense and foreign policy objectives. Means of information gathering are both overt and covert and may include espionage, communication interception, cryptanalysis, cooperation with other institutions, and evaluation of public sources. The assembly and propagation of this information is known as intelligence analysis or intelligence assessment.
Described below are examples of various intelligence agencies.
The Bundesnachrichtendienst (German: "Federal Intelligence Service"), shortened to BND and known by the CIA as CASCOPE, was the main intelligence agency of West Germany (later Germany after Germany reunified) during the Cold War, established on April 1, 1956.
After a United States Naval Base in Cuba was configured into a Black Site, some members of the BND paid visit to the site, alongside other agencies, even Eastern agencies, to interrogate the prisoners. One of these prisoners, 12282, was questioned by them and others, and relayed this information to Big Boss, his commander, when the MSF leader rescued him.
Central Intelligence AgencyEdit
- Main article: CIA
Central State SecurityEdit
The Central State Security (CSS) is an agency established by the United States Department of Defense in 1972 via Presidential Directive, to promote full partnership between the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Service Cryptologic Elements (SCE) of the United States Armed Forces in the field of signals intelligence.
Cipher agent Pacifica Ocean implied that they had managed to gain control of the CSS by the Peace Walker Incident in 1974, when revealing her true allegiance to Militaires Sans Frontières commander Big Boss while hijacking Metal Gear ZEKE.
Committee for State Security (KGB)Edit
- Main article: KGB
Defense Intelligence AgencyEdit
The Defense Intelligence Agency, or DIA, is a major producer and manager of military intelligence for the United States Department of Defense, employing over 16,500 military and civilian employees worldwide. The Defense Intelligence Community is headed by the DIA, through its Director (who chairs the Military Intelligence Board), and coordinates the activities of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force intelligence components. The DIA and DIC provide military intelligence to warfighters, defense policymakers and force planners within the Department of Defense and the United States Intelligence Community, in support of U.S. military planning and operations and weapon systems acquisition. DIA, designated in 1986 as a Defense Department combat support agency, was established in 1961 as a result of a decision by Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara, under President John F. Kennedy. The Department of Defense created DIA with the publication of Directive 5105.21, "Defense Intelligence Agency" on August 1, effective October 1, 1961. The DIA was preceded by the Counter Intelligence Corps.
Pacifica Ocean, an agent of Cipher, implied that Cipher managed to take control of the DIA by the time of the Peace Walker Incident in late 1974. Nastasha Romanenko worked for the DIA for several years, which was where she met and eventually married Richard Ames before they ended up divorcing. At some point before the Shadow Moses Incident, the DIA was working the assassination virus FOXDIE that was hitting walls until Naomi Hunter got involved in creating it. The DIA later allowed for FOXDIE to be injected into Snake during the Shadow Moses Incident.
The Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) is the premier Intelligence service of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, operationally responsible for providing critical national security and intelligence assessment to the Government of Pakistan. Critics of the ISI have long accused it of using designated terrorist groups and militants to conduct proxy wars against its neighbors, including the rebel groups in Iraq. Rivalry between the ISI and the civilian government has also been alleged.
During the 1970s, ISI officials arrived at a United States naval facility in Cuba after it was converted into a black site to interrogate the prisoners, one of whom was prisoner 12282. He later relayed this information to his commander, Big Boss, when he was rescued by him.
Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU)Edit
- Main article: GRU
National Reconnaissance OfficeEdit
The National Reconnaissance Office is a satellite imagery-based intelligence agency of the United States government. Formed in 1961, it designed and utilized spy satellites, and was considered, alongside the CIA, NGA, NSA, and DIA, one of the five largest U.S. intelligence agencies among the 16. The director reports to both the Secretary of Defense and the Director of National Intelligence, and acted as the assistant secretary of the United States Air Force.
The Cipher agent Pacifica Ocean, when revealing her true affiliations to Big Boss and the MSF, implied that Cipher had managed to gain control of the NRO by the time of the Peace Walker Incident.
National Security AgencyEdit
The National Security Agency is a cryptologic intelligence agency of the United States government, administered as part of the United States Department of Defense. It is responsible for the collection and analysis of foreign communications and foreign signals intelligence, which involves cryptanalysis. It is also responsible for protecting U.S. government communications and information systems from similar agencies elsewhere, which involves cryptography. NSA's work is limited to communications intelligence; it does not perform field or human intelligence activities.
In September 1960, two NSA code breakers, ADAM and EVA, defected to the Soviet Union. ADAM was the triple spy better known as Ocelot. During Operation Snake Eater, a woman posed as EVA to aid Naked Snake in his mission while secretly plotting to steal the Philosophers' Legacy for the Chinese Government. Pacifica Ocean, an agent of Cipher, also implied that Cipher managed to take control of the NSA by the time of the Peace Walker Incident in late 1974.
On January 24, 2000, the NSA facility in Fort Meade suffered a total system shutdown for a 73-hour period. It was believed that a small group within the government had arranged the incident with the assistance of a notorious group of crackers, of which Emma Emmerich was the leader. This resulted in a full review of NSA's safety measures, which led to the decision to shift the data-gathering operations to an isolated location that would be safe from physical attack as well as cyber-terrorism. In 2005, Emma herself was recruited by the NSA after the government leaked the details of the Shadow Moses Incident to her.
Secret Intelligence ServiceEdit
The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), often referred to by its former name MI6, is responsible for supplying the British Government with foreign intelligence, operating under the formal direction of the Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC). It was formed in 1909, and its founder was Mansfield George Smith Cumming, although his codename was the first letter of his last name, "C." In his honor, members of the SIS had codenames derived from the first letter of their last names. Its existence was not officially acknowledged in public until 1994. Its headquarters from 1964 to after the Cold War was also located in a tower building known as the Century House. After 1994, however, the headquarters were relocated while Century House itself was redone into modern flats.
Prior to the formation of the FOX Unit in 1964, Zero was a member of MI6, under the codename "O" (derived from his real name of David Oh). After a United States naval facility was converted into a black site during the 1970s, the MI6 paid a visit to the site alongside the BND, the ISI, and at least one Russian intelligence agency to question the prisoners, including 12282, who relayed this when rescued by his commander, Big Boss of the MSF. In the early 1990s, Liquid Snake worked as an undercover SIS agent, during the Persian Gulf War.
In former Czechoslovakia, State Security or STB, was a plainclothes secret police force founded on June 30, 1945. Serving as an intelligence and counter-intelligence agency, any activity that could possibly be considered anti-communist fell under the purview of STB.
Behind the scenesEdit
In Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, the STB still existed as of 1999. However, its real life equivalent was dissolved on February 10, 1990, a few months prior to the game's release. In the Previous Operations summary in Metal Gear Solid, the organization is instead named as the Czech International Secret Police.
EVA and ADAM's defection is based on the real life Martin and Mitchell Defection.
The total system shutdown at the NSA facility in Fort Meade in January 2000 was based on a real life incident.
According to a voice casting sheet for Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Sigint was a member of the NSA during Operation Snake Eater. However, in the game, Major Zero tells Naked Snake that Sigint is a member of the CIA. Because of this, it is unknown if the NSA reference is canon.
Notes and referencesEdit
- ^ http://mgsdb.com/en/enc/383/1
- ^ METAL GEAR SOLID (Japanese). Konami Digital Entertainment. Retrieved on 2011-05-07.
- ^ METAL GEAR SOLID: THE TWIN SNAKES. Konami Computer Entertainment Japan. Retrieved on 2011-05-07.
- ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2000/01/31/us/national-news-briefs-national-security-agency-lost-computers-for-days.html?pagewanted=1%7C
- ^ Metal_Gear_Solid_3_radio_conversations#Mask