Metal Gear (メタルギア?) is a critically acclaimed series of stealth games created by Hideo Kojima. The games are developed by Kojima Productions and published by Konami. In the series, the player takes control of a Special Forces Operative repeatedly facing off against the latest incarnation of the eponymous superweapon "Metal Gear"; a bipedal mecha walking tank with nuclear launching capabilities. The series is famous for pioneering the stealth game, for its lengthy cinematic cutscenes, intricate storylines and its exploration of the nature of politics, warfare, environmentalism, censorship, genetic engineering, artificial intelligence, loyalty, reality, subjective vs. universal truths and other philosophical themes. The series has accumulated great success, selling over 26.5 million copies. Kojima indicated that the series was split into two trilogies: the Solid Snake trilogy, and the Big Boss trilogy.
Overview EditEach game involves protagonist Solid Snake (or someone else called Snake) sneaking around maps and avoiding soldiers. He is armed with various weapons, most of which exist in the real world. At certain points in the game, he has to fight various bosses who usually have different superhuman or supernatural abilities. In most games, the penultimate boss is the latest incarnation of the weapon Metal Gear, with following bosses being one-on-one confrontations with that game's main antagonist.
Kojima originally planned to release the third Metal Gear game, to be called Metal Gear 3, for the 3DO Interactive Multiplayer in 1994. However, due to the declining support of the 3DO hardware, development of the game shifted to the PlayStation shortly after the 3DO version of Policenauts was released. Kojima retitled the game Metal Gear Solid, choosing this over the working title Metal Gear 3. This was due to the fact that he believed that the first two MSX2 games in the series were not well known at the time. He used the word "Solid" because thanks to 3D computer graphics, he could now create a "solid" game world, although he also partially attributed the title's inspiration to Solid Snake. Sequels to this game generally use the Metal Gear Solid title and generally follow a new numeral progression. The MSX2 games have sometimes been omitted from timelines representing the series' internal chronology, instead focusing on the more widely known console releases beginning with Metal Gear Solid. However, the first two MSX2 games are still a part of the Metal Gear canon. On August 14, 2013, a tweet by David Gibson implied that a smaller Metal Gear game is going to be announced and released on the same year, although the identity of this game has yet to be announced.
The main series, considered part of Metal Gear canon, consists of the following games (in release order):
In 1995, the gigantic fortress within Outer Heaven that was founded by a legendary mercenary is constructing a gigantic weapon of mass destruction. In the U.S. Government's support, Special Forces Unit FOXHOUND commander Big Boss sends in his most trusted agent Gray Fox. However, Gray Fox disappears with his last message simply reading "Metal Gear..." so rookie FOXHOUND recruit Solid Snake infiltrates Outer Heaven and put a stop to the world's most powerful weapon.
In 1999, the creator of a new species of algae which could produce petroleum-grade hydrocarbons with little expense and effort has been kidnapped by the renegade nation Zanzibar Land, the only country left with nuclear strike capability thanks to Metal Gear D. In response, FOXHOUND's new Commander Colonel Roy Campbell has no option but to call Solid Snake out of retirement to sneak into the fortified nation and take down the terrorists.
In the year 2005, FOXHOUND and the Next-Generation Special Forces (also known as the "Sons of Big Boss") led by Liquid Snake rebelled against the U.S. Government during a routine training mission on a remote nuclear disposal facility and demanded the legendary mercenary Big Boss's remains. With the Army's support, Roy Campbell calls Solid Snake out of retirement once more to infiltrate the stronghold to find out if the terrorists have the capabilities of firing a nuclear missile thanks to Metal Gear REX and to rescue DARPA Chief Donald Anderson and ArmsTech President Kenneth Baker.
In the year 2007, Philanthropy found information leaked about the Marines' new Metal Gear RAY to combat the over abundance of Metal Gears. In response, Otacon assigned Solid Snake to take photographic evidence but the tanker is blown up and sunk by Revolver Ocelot.
Two years later in 2009, the "Sons of Liberty" terrorists led by a man calling himself Solid Snake take over the Big Shell as U.S. President James Johnson is taking a tour of the facility. In response, new FOXHOUND agent Raiden is sent in to eliminate the terrorist threat.Cold War. In the year 1964, FOX operative Naked Snake is sent into Tselinoyarsk in a mission to rescue a defecting Russian scientist while working on the Shagohod, a terrifying weapon that's capable of launching a nuke from anywhere, but his mentor The Boss interferes and defects to the Soviet Union.
In 1970, the FOX unit has broken their allegiance with the CIA and gone renegade. With Major Zero charged with assisting in the revolt, the group kidnaps Naked Snake (Big Boss) in order to find the remaining half of the Philosophers' Legacy and take over of the San Hieronymo Peninsula. To prevent the new FOX commander from activating a powerful new nuclear weapon, Big Boss and Roy Campbell set out to convince the Red Army soldiers to join them and rise up against FOX.
In the year 2014, the restriction of military intervention on foreign soil has been eased which fuels the need for private military companies (PMCs) to fight proxy wars for business purposes. nanotechnology has become prominent, both to enhance the capabilities and enforce the loyalty of mercenaries. The nanomachine system "Sons of the Patriots" is used commonly by the PMCs. The five largest PMCs are owned by the Outer Heaven mother company with Liquid Ocelot as the CEO. Amassing an army rivaling that of the U.S. Army, Liquid Ocelot prepares to launch an armed insurrection by taking control of the system. With the world once again in crisis, Roy Campbell deploys Old Snake to terminate Liquid Ocelot once and for all.
In 1974, Latin America became a key to maintaining the power balance between the East and the West yet Costa Rica had miraculously managed to maintain peace and neutrality. But in the country's various regions, a mysterious armed force seemed to be engaging in specific activities. While stationed in Colombia, South America, the Militaires Sans Frontières mercenary company (French for "Soldiers Without Borders") led by Big Boss (Naked Snake) and Kazuhira Miller are approached by visitors (Ramón Gálvez Mena and Paz Ortega Andrade) from Costa Rica. To preserve peace in this "Nation without a Military", the Militaires Sans Frontières move into action and would come to be known as the founders of "Outer Heaven."
Four years after the events of Liquid Ocelot's Insurrection, Raiden has been contracted for VIP protection, military training, and other duties by a Private Military Company (PMC): , an American PMC based in Colorado, in a developing country piecing itself back together after a bloody civil war. Raiden largely did this to support without having to return to direct combat situations. Raiden is protecting , when they are attacked by a led by the , which eventually leaves Raiden completely defeated. Raiden is reconstructed by his PMC, and his search for Sam and the company he's working for, , drives him into a quest for vengeance.Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes will take place straight after the Peace Walker Incident in 1975. Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain will take place 9 years after that, in 1984. Ground Zeroes is the prologue of The Phantom Pain.
These games are not considered part of the Metal Gear canon, largely due to no involvement of Hideo Kojima or no direct statement saying that they are canon.
- Snake's Revenge
- Metal Gear: Ghost Babel
- Metal Gear Ac!d
- Metal Gear Ac!d²
- Metal Gear Solid Mobile
- Metal Gear Acid Mobile
- Metal Gear Acid 2 Mobile
- Metal Gear Solid Touch
- Metal Gear Solid: Social Ops
These are games of classic Metal Gear title that have been remade with new and extra features that the originals never had.
These are games of Metal Gear that contains new features that their original counterparts never had.
- Metal Gear Solid: Integral
- Metal Gear Solid 2: Substance
- Metal Gear Solid 3: Subsistence
- Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops Plus
Metal Gear titles released in box sets and compilations.
- Metal Gear 20th Anniversary: Metal Gear Solid Collection
- Metal Gear Solid: The Essential Collection
- Metal Gear Solid: HD Collection
- Metal Gear Solid: The Legacy Collection
See also Edit
- ^ Japanese Article on "Meme, Gene, Scene".
- ^ MGS4 Goes Platinum.
- ^ http://www.ign.com/articles/2005/09/17/tgs-2005-kojima-to-say-goodbye-snake
- ^ Metal Gear Solid: Official Missions Handbook
- ^ http://www.konami.jp/mg/mgsaga.html
- ^ http://gamingbolt.com/metal-gear-solid-5-the-phantom-pain-out-in-fiscal-year-ending-march-2015-analyst