The Metal Gear series has referenced several other fictional works. This article lists some of these references.
In Metal Gear Solid 3: HD Edition, defeating The Fury will unlock the trophy/achievement "Houston, we HAD a Problem", a reference to the line from film Apollo 13, which was itself based on an accident that occurred on the Apollo 13 two days after its launch.
In the Metal Gear Solid 3: HD Edition, the name of the trophy/achievement "Shagadelic", earned by defeating the Shagohod, is based on the titular character's catchphrase, "Shagadelic, baby!"
The achievement/trophy "Who Ya Gonna Call?" in Metal Gear Solid 2: HD Edition, is a reference to the film's theme song, which is awarded for photographing the ghost in Hold 2, during the Tanker Chapter.
In the briefing files for Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes, Solid Snake sarcastically refers to the creation of the Next-Generation Special Forces as a "dinosaur theme park," the setting of the 1990 novel Jurassic Park and its 1993 film adaptation.
The Metal Gear Solid 3: HD Edition has a trophy/achievement that is unlocked after beating The Fear called "If It Bleeds, We Can Kill It." This is a reference of a line Arnold Schwarzenegger says regarding the titular creature.
In Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance, during an optional Codec conversation in Chapter R-05, Courtney Collins attempts to tell the "ketchup joke" from the film before Raiden mentions that he had heard it before.
The logo for the comic franchise Spawn can be seen among crates in the Warehouse section of Big Shell in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty.