Wikia

Metal Gear Wiki

Research and development agencies

2,130pages on
this wiki
Talk0

A research and development agency is a government agency that carries out activities to discover and create new knowledge about scientific and technological topics, for the purpose of uncovering and enabling development of valuable new products, processes, and services.

Described below are some examples of research and development agencies.

DARPA

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technology for use by the military. DARPA has been responsible for funding the development of many technologies which have had a major impact on the world, including computer networking (ARPANET), as well as NLS, which was both the first hypertext system, and an important precursor to the contemporary ubiquitous graphical user interface. ARPANET's development in particular had roots in the destruction of three telephone relays in Cedar Mountain, Utah, as well as some relays in Wendover, Utah.[1][2][3]

It was originally established in 1958 under the name of Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), but it was renamed DARPA (for Defense) on March 23, 1972, then back to ARPA on February 22, 1993, and then back to DARPA again on March 11, 1996.

Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." It has some level of canonicity within the continuity, but reader discretion is advised.[?]

In 1970, ARPA became involved in several projects, including global positioning satellites, unmanned aerial vehicles, a human cannon, and an aircraft comparable to a UFO.[4] ARPA also conducted a project called "Metabolism Dominance" that related to making soldiers fight without eating for five whole days, and another unnamed project that involved getting soldiers to fight without sleeping.

Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.

After the disastrous results of the Lady Mercury mission, Strangelove transferred from NASA to ARPA and fully dedicated herself to researching AIs in an attempt to avoid repeating the same tragedy, as it was the only place she could make a living from her AI research. Strangelove was later downsized from ARPA, which shortly thereafter became DARPA, as a result of the Détente era being ushered in.

The agency was also linked to a foundation who approached Code Talker in 1964 giving him access to an unusual strain of parasites contained within The End's remains. They also granted him access to parasites pulled from the remains of the other members of the Cobra Unit including ones which provided the host with adrenaline in response to pain and others which secreted a pheromone that allowed their host to control insects at will.

During the 2000s, DARPA was involved in the creation of Metal Gear REX by ArmsTech after its Chief, Donald Anderson (formerly known as Sigint), himself a big supporter of nuclear deterrence theory, was heavily bribed by ArmsTech president Kenneth Baker to allow development. Besides REX, DARPA was also involved in the Boeing X-50 Dragonfly Canard Rotor/Wing project, although problems in the transition mode resulted in its cancellation in 2006. In addition, DARPA was also involved in the creation of the exoskeleton that was later utilized by Solidus Snake during the 2009 Big Shell Incident and the perfected Land Warrior System equipment that was later utilized by the Hi-Tech Soldiers.

Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." It has some level of canonicity within the continuity, but reader discretion is advised.[?]

In the 2010s, DARPA also funded the creation and testing of a next-generation soldier meant to replace both human infantry and cyborgs, even completing a prototype, the LQ-84i. However, the project was cancelled after 3 years of development due to it lacking brutality.

Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.

Former members

NASA

The National Air Space Administration (NASA) is an agency of the Executive Branch of the United States Government, responsible for the nation's civilian Space Program, aeronautics, and aerodynamic research. It was founded in July 29, 1958, although it did not become operational until October 1 of the same year, as part of the Space Race. During the first years of its creation, NASA recruited British AI researcher Dr. Strangelove, from the California Institute of Technology, into its Mercury Project, where she first encountered The Boss. Strangelove oversaw the experimental launch on April 21, 1961 that resulted in The Boss's hospitalization.

In 1969, NASA conducted its first landing on the moon with the Saturn V.

Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." It has some level of canonicity within the continuity, but reader discretion is advised.[?]

However, a Soviet Spy within NASA stole blueprints relating to the rocket, which resulted in the modifications to the silo at San Hieronymo Peninsula. During the Détente era of the 1970s, NASA's budget was slashed.

Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.

NASA had also been involved in the creation of the Extraterrestrial Environment Special Forces group in secret during the 1990s, as they had envisioned future conflicts in outer space. However, the controversial nature led to NASA to cancel the creation of the unit, with many of their test subjects becoming mercenaries.

Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." It has some level of canonicity within the continuity, but reader discretion is advised.[?]

In the 2000s, to take into account the privatization and commercialization of space flight, NASA developed two agencies: the Commercial Orbital Transport Services, and the Commercial Crew and Cargo Program Office (C3PO) of the Commercial Crew Development, which also delivered supplies to the in-development International Space Station. One of these contracted private companies, Solis Space & Aeronautics, was contracted by the time of 2018.

Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.

Former members

Soldier Systems Center

The Soldier Systems Center (SSCEN) was a research and development complex and instillation under the auspices of the United States Army, located in Natick, Massachusetts. It was charged by the Department of Defense with developing and researching new food, clothing, shelters, airdrop systems, and other servicemember support items for various members of the military, of the methods of R&D including fielding and sustainment. Although primarily relegated to the Army, it also researched and developed equipment for all branches of the Armed Forces.

During Philanthropy's exploits between 2005 and 2007, Mei Ling aided the group in their attempts to end Metal Gear proliferation by stealing resources from SSCEN for use in their missions, although Solid Snake eventually told Otacon to tell Mei Ling to quit as soon as she can in order to not be caught.

Notes and references

  1. ^ http://www.beatriceco.com/bti/porticus/bell/longlines-expdam.html
  2. ^ http://etler.livejournal.com/23113.html
  3. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, Kojima Productions (2006).
  4. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, Kojima Productions (2006).
    ARPA's activites are detailed in a radio conversation between Sigint and members of Big Boss's resistance group, should he be recruited as a playable character.

External links

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki