- This article is about a fictional representation of a real world subject.
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, abbreviated to USSR (Russian: СССР) or shortened to the Soviet Union, was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991. Out of the 15 republics of the USSR, Russia was the largest in terms of size, and making up over half of the total USSR population, dominated the union for its entire 69-year history. It was founded by Vladimir Lenin, who had earlier been exiled by what was ultimately the last Czar of Russia, Czar Nikolas II. After studying Karl Marx's ideologies, he was set on emulating Marx's teachings in undergoing a revolution, with his faction being composed of what he called the Red Russians, otherwise known as the bolsheviks. Ultimately, he succeeded. Shortly afterward, the newly-founded USSR became a founding member of the Philosophers, alongside the United States of America and China.
The Order of Lenin, named after its founder, was the most prestigious award issued within the Soviet Union. It was awarded to individuals, organizations, as well as cities for outstanding achievements in warfare, science, industry, the arts, and various other fields, and as such was considered the highest honor within the Eastern bloc. It was also usually issued out with the title of "Hero of Socialism." A well known recipient of the award was the Soviet weapons researcher Aleksandr Leonovitch Granin. Another was the Stalin Medal, utilizing the Soviet Star, with a famous recipient of the award also being Granin.
In World War II, the USSR fought against Nazi Germany in the Great Patriotic War, under the leadership of Joseph Stalin. In 1940, Stalin ordered the NKVD to carry out a series of mass executions of at least 20,000 Polish nationals in Katyn, Western Ukraine and Belarus. After becoming a member of the Allies, the Soviet Union went on to defeat Germany on the Eastern Front, which was decisive in bringing about an end to the war. The Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the Cold War.
Cold War incidents Edit
In the early 1960s, the Cold War between the USA and the Soviet Union reached a vital point following the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion. In 1962, a U2 Spy Plane photographed a Nuclear Weapons Disposal Facility in Cuba, gaining evidence that the Soviets were in fact using it to store live missiles, sparking the fear of nuclear war. President John F. Kennedy made a deal with Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev, that in return for the U.S. not invading Cuba, the Soviet Union would remove their missiles. As a result of their failure to establish a Missile Base in Cuba, the Soviet Union searched for two years for a new location to build their missile base, eventually finding the San Hieronymo Peninsula.
In actuality, the U.S.'s part of the deal was not just to not invade, but in fact to provide the Soviet Union with scientist Nikolai Stepanovich Sokolov. In 1964, in an operation known as the Virtuous Mission, Naked Snake was sent to rescue Sokolov and return him safely to the West. The operation was, in official records, a disastrous failure. However, in a follow up mission, known as Operation Snake Eater, Snake was successful in destroying a secret nuclear weapon, being developed by the extremist GRU Colonel, Volgin.
When the era of détente began in 1970, the Soviet Union, in order to participate in the SALT Talks endorsed by President Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev, halted construction of the San Hieronymo missile base and abandoned the personnel, cutting off both supplies and communications. This ultimately led which to an uprising as soon as the FOX Unit took over the base, and was nearly the target of the ICBMG, although it was later revealed that Gene never intended to launch the ICBMG into the Soviet Union, and only made it seem as though it were to do this.
At some point later, the Soviet Union dispatched KGB operative Vladimir Zadornov to Costa Rica, to help spread Communism across Central America, and to split America into two and thus win the Cold War. He tricked CIA Station Chief Hot Coldman into forging an alliance with him and attempted to use Peace Walker to launch a nuke towards Cuba from an American base in Nicaragua, to ensure the plan succeeded. However, the KGB's plan backfired when Coldman ended up going through with the launch upon dying, and leaking false data to NORAD, which almost resulted in an all out nuclear war.
In the 1980s the Soviet Union occupied Afghanistan in order to help prop up the country's leading communist party against a growing insurgency of rebels. During this time the Soviets were developing Metal Gear Sahelanthropus with the help of Huey Emmerich, but both Sahelanthropus and Huey were stolen by XOF before the project could be completed. Venom Snake and Diamond Dogs found themselves going toe-to-toe with Soviet troops on multiple occasions. Sometimes it was part of their grand crusade to destroy Cipher, but often they had been hired by the insurgents to aid in the rebellion. In 1989 the Soviets pulled out of Afghanistan.
During its time, the Soviets also frequently stoked ethnic hatreds in the countries it occupied (including Georgia and Abkhazia), as a means to further control them. When the Soviet Union fell in the 1990s, this also resulted in the ethnic hatreds that were relatively restrained to boil up to the surface. A notable example of this was the Georgia-Abkhazia war in the 1990s, with similar occurrences in breakaway states such as South Ossentia from Georgia, Transmistria in Moldova, and Nagorno-Karabakh from Azerbaijan.
Behind the scenesEdit
The Soviet Union plays an important role in the Metal Gear series, with many characters originating from the former country. However, despite its importance, it was only used as a setting once in the series, in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater.
In Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, the Soviet Union was still in existence as late as December 1999 (the setting of the game). This was due to the fact that the Soviet Union still existed when the game was released in 1990. However, the Soviet Union collapsed the following year. Because of this, its role was given to the Commonwealth of Independent States in the Previous Operations summary in Metal Gear Solid. Because the re-released versions of Metal Gear 2 did not update the game's script, the Soviet Union is still referenced in-game.
A group based in the Soviet Union, known as the Assembly was briefly mentioned in a leaked voice casting sheet for Metal Gear Solid 3. In it, the Assembly was described as having bought out Boris Volgin's money laundering business, and were responsible for supplying his son, GRU Colonel Yevgeny Borisovitch Volgin, with the Philosophers' Legacy.
Notes and referencesEdit
- ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
Special > Previous Operations > Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake
Zanzibar Land was a democratic military regime that suddenly appeared in Central Asia in 1997. When their uprising took place, the CIS army, formed around Russia, sent a suppressive unit immediately.
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 3 voice casting sheet