- This article is about a fictional representation of a real world subject.
Officials in the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian: Правительство СССР) were people who held office in the executive branch of government in the Soviet Union, and participated in the exercise of authority. They were led by the head of the government, in the West referred to as the Premier of the Soviet Union. The members of the Soviet Government—people's commissars, ministers, and heads of state committees—were recommended by the Premier and appointed by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.
Described below are some examples of Soviet government officials.
Vladimir Lenin (1870 - 1924)
The founder of the Soviet Union and the head of state from 1922 up to his death in 1924 following a series of strokes. He was exiled by the then-current Czar of what was then known as the Russian Empire, Czar Nikolas II. During his exile, he studied Karl Marx and later decided to implement his theories by orchestrating a violent socialist revolution in Russia, known as the Russian Revolution, with a group of dissatisfied Russians called the Bolsheviks, also known as the Red Russians for their adherence to Communism, which he ultimately succeeded in. After his death, he was embalmed and placed in a glass coffin to be observed by the Soviet public. He also had his likeness used posthumously, alongside Stalin, in various May Day parades on Red Square. After the fall of communism and the USSR in the 1990s, various statues of Lenin, including those in Russia and Chechnya, were toppled, either by the populace or during wars against each other.
Joseph Stalin (1878 - 1953)
Joseph Stalin, full name Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin and real name Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jugashvili, rose to power as General Secretary of the Communist Party in 1922, becoming a Soviet dictator upon Vladimir Lenin's death. Stalin forced rapid industrialization and the collectivization of agricultural land, resulting in millions dying from famine while others were sent to labor camps. His Red Army helped defeat Nazi Germany during World War II.
In WWII, Stalin ordered the killings of thousands of Polish soldiers in the Gnezdovo village near Katyn, as well as Belarus and Western Ukraine, blaming it on a prison revolt.
Stalin died in 1953 in his office behind locked doors, caused by complications following a cerebral hemorrhage. However, Ocelot speculated that he may have actually been poisoned by Hungarian assassin Skull Face. In 1956, Stalin was denounced by his successor, Nikita Khrushchev, who initiated a process of de-Stalinization.
Even after his death, Stalin's image was still used in May Day parades in the Soviet Union.
Leonid Brezhnev (1906 - 1982)
Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1964, following the ousting of Nikita Khrushchev, until his death in 1982. When Colonel Volgin launched a Davy Crockett at the Sokolov Design Bureau, he was one of the people who claimed that the attack was instigated by the Americans. Although the Shagohod was destroyed and his ally Volgin, defeated, Brezhnev and his co-conspirator Aleksei Kosygin were still able to garner enough popularity within the Communist Party to finally oust Khrushchev.
However, with the majority of the Philosophers' Legacy out of the Soviet Union's hands, Brezhnev led the country through a period of economic stagnation. In addition, he was also involved in crushing the Prague Spring in 1968. As a direct result of both his coming into power as well as the economic stagnation, resulted in him promoting the SALT talks, as well as forcing various Soviet soldiers and personnel to stay on the San Hieronymo Peninsula in order to make it seem as though they were out of control soldiers if the base was ever discovered. This Brezhnev Stagnation, followed by the massive cost of the 1979 Invasion of Afghanistan, eventually formed the catalyst that would lead to the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Brezhnev died of a heart attack in 1982.
KGB Chief Director (1960s)
After Operation Snake Eater, Ocelot spoke with the KGB Chief Director on the phone, regarding The Boss's death and the destruction of Groznyj Grad and the Granin research facility. The Director was disappointed that the facilities had been destroyed but Ocelot insisted that they were necessary sacrifices. Ocelot then assured him that Krushchev was finished and that the Director's time had finally arrived. Ocelot also suggested to the Director that they could use their knowledge on the events of both the Virtuous Mission and Operation Snake Eater to blackmail America in future negotiations.
- Main article: Nikita Khrushchev
Alexei Kosygin (1904 - 1980)
A co-Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1964, following the ousting of Nikita Khrushchev, until his death in 1980. Although the Shagohod was destroyed and his powerful ally Volgin killed, Kosygin and his co-conspirator Leonid Brezhnev were still able to garner enough popularity within the Communist Party to finally oust Khrushchev. Kosygin died of natural causes in 1980, two years before his co-conspirator.
Behind the scenes
In the voice casting sheet for Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, under the Khrushchev bio section, it is stated that the KGB Chief Director supplied information relating to the situation in Tselinoyarsk to Khrushchev, based on information from EVA, which was actually her cover story in the final version.
Joseph Stalin and Vladimir Lenin don't make any living appearances in Metal Gear Solid 3, owing to their deaths long before the events of the game, although their likeness make a brief cameo appearance in archive footage reels that are part of the cutscenes in the game, specifically the archive footage depicting a Soviet military march where they are seen in portraits. The footage in question is the May Day Parades on Red Square. In addition, Stalin is also briefly mentioned by EVA in a radio conversation that revealed Volgin's role in the Katyn Forest Massacre.
A toppled Lenin statue can be found in the Otselotovaya Khvatka TV spot in the intro to Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. According to Alexei Tylevich, the founder of the advertising agency Logan and the man responsible for the Otselotovaya Khvatka TV spot (and to a lesser extent, all the intro), he inserted the Lenin statue as a commentary to Russian history as well as Chechnya's conflicts against Russia during the 1990s, as well as a minor Easter egg.
The implication that Skull Face had poisoned Stalin in the Skull Face tapes is a reference to speculation in the 2003 book Stalin's Last Crime: The Doctors' Plot that Stalin may have been poisoned during a dinner gathering.
- Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater (Khruschev, KGB Chief Director, Stalin, Brezhnev, Kosygin, latter four mentioned only)
- Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops (Brezhnev mentioned only)
- Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots (Lenin indirect mention only)
- Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker (Brezhnev indirect mention only)
- Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance (Brezhnev mentioned only)
- Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain (Andropov and Stalin mentioned only)
Notes and references
- ^ Brezhnev has no actual appearance in Metal Gear Solid 3. However, Colonel Volgin was supported by Brezhnev, and was conspiring with his plan to topple the Russian government.
- ^ Like Brezhnev, Kosygin has no actual appearance in Metal Gear Solid 3, however, Colonel Volgin was supported by Kosygin, and was conspiring with his plan to topple the current Russian regime.
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 3 voice casting sheet
- ^ May Day Parades, Red Square footage
- ^ http://www.gameinformer.com/b/features/archive/2014/02/28/the-story-behind-metal-gear-solid-4-39-s-bizarre-intro.aspx
- ^ http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/2226531-what-stalins-last-days-reveal-about-his-character/