This article is about a fictional representation of a real-world topic.
The United States of America (commonly referred to as the United States, the U.S., the USA, America, or the States) is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district. The United States has at times fallen under the influence of various clandestine organizations, such as the Philosophers and the Patriots, until the destruction of the latter in the early 21st century.
Geography and historyEdit
The country is situated mostly in central North America, where its forty-eight contiguous states and Washington, D.C., the capital district, lie between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, bordered by Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. The state of Alaska is in the northwest of the continent, with Canada to its east and Russia to the west across the Bering Strait. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific. The country also possesses several territories in the Caribbean and Pacific.
At 3.79 million square miles (9.83 million km2) and with about 308 million people, the United States is the third or fourth largest country by total area, and the third largest by land area and population. The United States is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many countries. The U.S. economy is the largest national economy in the world, with an estimated 2008 gross domestic product (GDP) of U.S. $14.4 trillion (a quarter of nominal global GDP and a fifth of global GDP at purchasing power parity).
Indigenous peoples, probably of Asian descent, have inhabited what is now the mainland United States for many thousands of years. This Native American population was greatly reduced after European contact by disease and warfare. The United States was founded by thirteen British colonies located along the Atlantic seaboard. On July 4, 1776, they issued the Declaration of Independence, which proclaimed their right to self-determination and their establishment of a cooperative union. The rebellious states defeated Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, the first successful colonial war of independence. The Philadelphia Convention adopted the current United States Constitution on September 17, 1787; its ratification the following year made the states part of a single republic with a strong central government. The Bill of Rights, comprising ten constitutional amendments guaranteeing many fundamental civil rights and freedoms, was ratified in 1791.
In the 19th century, the United States acquired land from France, Spain, the United Kingdom, Mexico, and Russia, and annexed the Republic of Texas and the Republic of Hawaii. Disputes between the agrarian South and industrial North over states' rights and the expansion of the institution of slavery provoked the American Civil War of the 1860s. The North's victory prevented a permanent split of the country and led to the end of legal slavery in the United States. By the 1870s, the national economy was the world's largest. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a military power. In 1945, the United States emerged from World War II as the first country with nuclear weapons and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union left the United States as the sole superpower. The country accounts for two-fifths of global military spending and is a leading economic, political, and cultural force in the world.
The United States was one of the three countries whose true power players became part of a secret group called the Philosophers. During World War II, the U.S., China and the Soviet Union amassed a vast cache of funds, which would later be known as the Philosophers' Legacy. The three countries' Philosophers pooled their assets in order to secure victory in the War, funding such activities as backroom campaigns and military research. The three countries agreed to distribute the assets after the end of the War.
During the war, the U.S. acted on false information supplied by the Soviet Union, in regards to John von Neumann being a Nazi spy sent to sabotage the Manhattan Project. America's "Mother of Special Forces," The Boss, was ordered to assassinate Neumann and make it seem as though it were an accident, although she failed partially due to her joy at being pregnant with her child. The Russian Philosophers had released the false information in order to prevent the American Philosophers from developing a plutonium bomb as soon as they did.
After the Allies secured victory in the war, the confusion that followed allowed for the theft of the Philosophers' Legacy. This resulted in the three branches of the Philosophers each scrambling to acquire the Legacy for themselves, which factored into the main causes of the subsequent Cold War. The U.S. and the Soviet Union immediately embarked on a nuclear arms and space race in their attempts to dominate the other. But neither side went into war with each other, fearing nuclear retaliation.
From 1956 to the early 1960s, the U.S. sabotaged several Soviet attempts at Sputnik testing due to intel supplied via a sleeper agent handpicked by The Boss, although it later became apparent that he was bought off by the Soviets after the CIA pocketed a large portion of his paycheck, feeding them misinformation instead. Eventually during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the U.S. and Russia entered negotiations to prevent a nuclear war from happening. Officially, the U.S.' end of the bargain was to dismantle their nukes from Turkey, called the Turkey Deal. In actuality, however, it was to allow the Soviets to retrieve a defecting Soviet rocket scientist named Nikolai Stepanovich Sokolov.
In 1964, two years after the Cuban Missile Crisis, the U.S. secretly planned an operation to first recover Sokolov, and later to eliminate the rogue GRU Colonel Volgin and the threat posed by his secret weapon, as well as to assassinate one of their own agents who defected to the Soviet Union. However, the real purpose was to recover the Philosophers' Legacy that was in the hands of Volgin, and also having The Boss fake her defection to get the Philosophers' Legacy, although due to various manipulations, including the U.S. Government nearly ending up going into World War III with the Soviet Union due to Colonel Volgin destroying the Sokolov Research Facility using one of the experimental Davy Crocketts that The Boss (and by extension, the U.S. Government), they ended up eliminating The Boss in order to clear their own name and at the same time gain the Legacy. After the success of Operation Snake Eater however, the U.S. only recovered half of the Legacy.
In 1965, the Vietnam War escalated into America going into direct conflict, and with the increased exposure to the war, there came the further increase of the hippie movement and the anti-Vietnam protests via student movements, with motives including problems with the drafting procedure for college students. The hippie movement in particular was also criticized by the American populace for being a social problem.
In 1970, the Pentagon and the CIA began to bicker between themselves over the Legacy. An incident in the San Hieronymo Peninsula of Colombia was instigated to end the American Philosophers by Major Zero and former Philosopher triple agent Ocelot. Their control over the United States was transferred to the modern successors named the Patriots.
Comprising of those that were directly involved in Operation Snake Eater (i.e. as field agents and mission support) and were directly inspired by The Boss, they sought to bring The Boss' last will to fruition. However, disagreements within the Patriots rose between Major Zero and Big Boss, and the latter left the Patriots after finding out about the Les Enfants Terribles project.
In 1974, the U.S. was engaged in SALT-II talks with the Soviet Union to reduce their nuclear armanents but was also trying to deal with the Soviet infiltration of Central America. The Soviets had the intention of converting the entire subcontinent to Communism and cause a big blow against the U.S. since it's their backyard. Due to their economic and trading ties, the loss of Central America to Communism would possibly cause the U.S. to lose the Cold War. At the same time, the U.S. had a major scare when it appeared that the Soviet Union launched their full nuclear arsenal against the U.S. mainland. They prepared to retaliate until Big Boss called to notify them that it was a false alarm set up by CIA station chief Hot Coldman. Similarly, the East Coast of the U.S.' nearly came under a nuclear strike, this time from an agent of the Patriots, then operating under the name of Cipher, in order to frame Big Boss and his private military unit, the Militaires Sans Frontières, for being an extremist cult as a safeguard should Big Boss not agree to rejoin Cipher. As the Cold War drew to a close, the United States was gradually falling under the influence of Zero's Patriots, who sought to unify the world by control.
By 1995, the Patriots controlled all aspects of American life, pulling the strings such as the choosing of the U.S. President behind closed doors. The Soviet Union collapsed, leaving the United States as the sole superpower. Big Boss prepared to rebel against the Patriots through the Outer Heaven Uprising in 1995 and the Zanzibar Land Disturbance four years later. The United States, under the control of the Patriots, saw their former hero as a terrorist and managed to foil him both times via Solid Snake, an agent of FOXHOUND. In the latter event, the U.S. saw potential of a new weapon called Metal Gear and secretly began building Metal Gear REX under the joint cooperation of ArmsTech and DARPA to counter the effects of global military downsizing. By this time, the U.S. was engaged in treaty talks with Russia to reduce their nuclear armaments. In the meantime, Big Boss was recovered, still alive but heavily charred and kept in stasis by the Patriots. Zero extended his control over the American state to include the whole world in the meantime and commissioned the development of AIs to carry on Zero's interpretation of The Boss' will.
In 2005, the United States was prepared to sign the START-3 treaty with Russia and reduce their nuclear armaments further when FOXHOUND, led by Liquid Snake, rebelled and took over the Shadow Moses facility in Alaska, where Metal Gear REX was to be tested. In actuality, the U.S. President George Sears (a.k.a. Solidus Snake) masterminded the incident without the knowledge of the Patriots, to rebel against them. Solid Snake was called in once again to foil FOXHOUND's plans but the Patriots got wind of the terrorist action and worked behind the scenes to recover the bodies of the Genome Soldiers and REX's test data.
The incident became public knowledge when Nastasha Romanenko published her book, In the Darkness of Shadow Moses: The Unofficial Truth detailing the events of the Shadow Moses Incident. This led to the Patriots to remove Solidus Snake as the President and appointed James Johnson as the next President. The Patriots held a fake election in order to convince the public that they were in control.
The SOP system, as it was called, helped improve their soldiers combat skills without going through intensive training and ID-tagged their weaponry and gear. They later became dependent on the nanomachines to guide their actions. However, the United States could no longer interfere in other countries' military affairs without suffering severe public backlash, especially after the Manhattan Incident in 2009. The Patriots thus created the war economy to be fuelled by private military companies. These PMCs were endorsed by the United Nations, but the U.S. Government did not appreciate the idea. It was too late, however, because since the Cold War the U.S. had exported too much military power to the world and was now paying the price. Five of the biggest PMCs were headed by a mother company called Outer Heaven, led by Liquid Ocelot, and two of them were located inside America. Together these PMCs rivalled the United States Army in manpower and machines but the U.S. could only observe or supervise their actions while the war economy was going on.
In 2014, Liquid Ocelot was planning to launch an insurrection against the Patriots. The United States initially turned a blind eye to this. But after Rat Patrol Team 01 reported Liquid's increasingly hostile actions, the incumbent President finally gave the order for the U.S. military to take Liquid and the PMCs down by force if necessary. However, Liquid managed to hijack the SOP system by using the corpse of Solidus Snake and locked the American forces' weaponry. Effectively Liquid forced a violent ceasefire across the globe, leaving the American military and the rest of the globe powerless and ineffective to stop Liquid's insurrection against the Patriots. However, Liquid only controlled small arms and vehicles implemented with the SOP system; America's nuclear arsenal was still in the hands of the United States (or rather, the Patriots' master AI, JD).
The United States was saved from Liquid's insurrection, and also freed from the Patriots' grasp, when an aging Solid Snake, with help from his allies, stopped the nuclear launch from Outer Haven and FOXALIVE wiped out GW and all of the other Patriot AIs. FOXALIVE left parts of society controlled by the Patriots intact, allowing the United States and the rest of the world to rebuild as a modern civilization. However, the military was in disarray when most of the soldiers with nanomachines were suffering from SOP syndrome, and the American Government also gave up on unilateralism, although it nonetheless was relatively safe compared to the rest of the world, which had bankrupted itself from its use in the war economy and was placed in an immense monetary debt. The last remaining founding members of the Patriots (Zero and Big Boss) died, thus ending the Patriots' reign over the United States for good.
In 2018, the Colorado Senator and potential 2020 Presidential nominee Steven Armstrong attempted to remake America by burning down the government and have it be what America should be in his mind, an anarchistic country where people fight, die, and kill for their own individual beliefs.
Examples of U.S. locations Edit
Alabama is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Tennessee to the North, Georgia to the East, the Gulf of Mexico to the South, and Mississippi to the West. It is the 30th-most extensive state in the USA, as well as the 25th most populous. It is also the most navigatable waterways in the inland united states at about 1,300 KM. Similar to other Southern states, Alabama had a long history of economic turmoil since the South (then a seceding nation known as the Confederate States of America) had lost the American Civil War, although it regained its economic standing after World War II.
- Main article: Alaska
Alcatraz Island is a maximum security prison facility located 1.5 miles offshore from the San Francisco Bay. It was so remote, and located within shark-infested waters, as well as being far enough away from mainland to render swimming to and from the prison unlikely, that it was built up as being an inescapable prison. Its stance as a prison was eventually shut down in March 21, 1963 due to maintenance costs exceeding the other prisons in the nation, as well as the buildings being eroded by the seawater, and is currently a national park.
The prison was briefly mentioned by Militaires Sans Frontieres subcommander Kazuhira Miller, while irritably remarking about Zadornov's frequent escape attempts from Mother Base, during the 1974 Peace Walker Incident.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was a Federally Funded Research And Development Center founded by the University of California in 1952. It was used to develop technology for the defense of the U.S., reduce the global threat of terrorism and weapons of mass destruction, and respond with vision, integrity, and issues of technical excellence to scientific issues of national importance. Alongside Sandia National Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratories, it is also one of the few laboratories to do classified research on nuclear weapons testing.
During the 21st century, Livermore National Labs, via a joint venture with ArmsTech, successfully miniaturized a rail gun for use on Metal Gear REX. The Livermore National Labs' National Ignition Facility, and the Nova laser, was also utilized to develop Metal Gear REX's stealth nuclear warheads.
Los Angeles is the most populous city in California, as well as the second most populous city in America, located in Southern California. It was also a world center of business, arts, entertainment, international trade, education, media and culture.
During the 1990s, McDonnel Benedict Miller was living in Los Angeles, California, alongside his daughter, Catherine Miller, of whom he gained custody of following a divorce settlement. Nastasha Romanenko also lived in Los Angeles, and helped Solid Snake (with pressure from her ex-husband, DIA/Patriot agent Richard Ames) on his mission during the 2005 Shadow Moses Incident.
- Main article: Colorado
Delaware is a state located on the Delawarva peninsula of the Atlantic coast, which is bordered by Pennsylvania to the north, Maryland to the south and west, and New Jersey to the Northeast. It is the second least extensive, the sixth least populous, but the sixth most densely populated state in the United States. It's name came from Thomas West, the first governor of Delaware as well as the 3rd Baron of the De La War. It was well known for being loose with its taxes.
The PMC Desperado was based in this state, although most of its actual activities were outside of the states, with its main financial center being at the St. Kitts and Nevis island in the Caribbean Sea. Kevin Washington, a member of the Colorado-based PMC Maverick, speculated that the state's loose taxing was largely the reason for Desperado's decision to base the PMC in it.
Meridian is the second largest city in Ada County, Idaho, and the third-largest in the state. It was originally founded as a frontier town called "Hunter" via the Onweiler farm in 1891. As the residents of the town did not know how to irrigate, the citizens often had to do back breaking work to irrigate water, and still do, which earned them a reputation as being hardy. Although the land itself was purchased in 1893, it wasn't until a decade later until it started becoming a fully functioning village, which continued growing until it became a city until 1941. It also possessed a rail transportation system from 1908 to 1928, and a creamery from 1929 to 1970.
The woman known as EVA was born in Meridian, Idaho and was taken away from the town at a young age by agents of the Philosophers to be placed in a joint charm school.
Fort Polk is a major United States Army installation in Louisiana. Named after Right Reverand Leonidas Polk, the first Episcopal Bishop of Louisiana and a Confederate General of the American Civil War, it is a Combat Training Center, as well as the only one to actually deploy combat units. It was formed in 1940s for the Louisiana maneuvers training exercises, later becoming a basic training post during the Vietnam War in the 1960s and 1970s. Various divisions trained in this area were the 1st Armored Division in the 1950s, the 5th Infantry Division (Mechanized) during the 1970s-1980s, the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment during the 1990s, and the 4th Brigade, 10th Mountain Division, 115th Combat Support Hospital, 1st Maneuver Enhancement Brigade, the 162nd Infantry Brigade during the 2000s-early 2010s.
Raiden, when he was "training" for the "newly reformed FOXHOUND Unit," participated in combat training at Fort Polk via a mockup of an Afghan village.
Nevada is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States, as well as the 7th most extensive, 35th most populous, and the 9th least densely populated. Two thirds of the populace are populated in Clark County, which includes Las Vegas. It was discovered to have a silver ore deposit under Virginia City in 1859, and eventually achieved statehood in 1864, three years after separating from the Utah territory. The PMSC that Raiden was a member of to supply for his family,Maverick Security Consulting, Inc's main headquarters, was located in Nevada.
The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy Reservation located in southeastern Nye County, Nevada, approximately 65 miles northwest from Las Vegas. It was established in 1951, renamed from the Nevada proving grounds, as a nuclear weapons testing site, with multiple tests being done, including some from Operation Buster-Jangle. It was later renamed the Nevada National Security Site.
In November 1, 1951, The Boss participated in the Dog test of the series of nuclear tests belonging under Operation Buster Jangle. It was from this test that she ended up becoming infertile due to the nuclear fallout.
Portsmouth was the fourth most populated city in Rockingham county of New Hampshire. It is a historic Seaport as well as the home to the Pease Air Force Base. After the destruction of REX by operative Solid Snake and the death of Liquid, nearly all of the surviving Genome Soldiers were transferred to the Pease AFB in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, where they were imprisoned for the official reason of treason, although Nastasha's book implies that they were actually sent there so the Patriots could continue experimenting on them. Johnny Sasaki somehow managed to avoid being sent there.
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, is also the hometown of Zero.
Carlsbad Caverns National Park is an underground set of caverns. It was a National Park for tourists to explore the caverns. However, the Government used the caverns since at least the FDR administration during World War II as a safehouse in case America was ever directly attacked by the Axis Forces, and has also used it for other research projects.
New York City is the largest city in the United States. Divided into five boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, The Bronx, Queens, and Staten Island, it is an important economic structure of the United States. Prior to European colonialization, it was the location of the Algonquin Nation of Native Americans, which also led to various tribes in the New York area. It was initially founded by the Dutch and initially called New Amsterdam, but was surrendered to the British, and renamed New York in honor of the Duke of Albany and York. In 1922, the Wisemen's Committee formed the Philosophers within the Manhattan borough of New York City.
Naomi Hunter's falsified case file stated that she was born in New York City. Raiden also ended up transferring to New York City by April 30, 2007, where he met Rosemary. In August of the same year, an incident occurred where the USS Discovery sank into the Hudson River, and supposedly caused an environmental disaster, with Philanthropy being blamed for it, although it was in fact orchestrated by the Patriots. Raiden, at some point between the two dates, had been transferred to New York City. In April 2009, a terrorist group occupied the Big Shell. The next day, a large area of Manhattan was destroyed after Revolver Ocelot (under his Liquid Snake persona) set Arsenal Gear on a direct course towards the city.
Federal Hall is a building on Wall Street, NYC. It is the site of President George Washington's inauguration ceremony, and a statue of him (which has since become both a landmark and an icon) stands outside to commemorate the occasion.
Fort Bragg is a major United States Army installation in North Carolina. Named after Confederate General Braxton Bragg, it is the home for several airborne units and special forces units.
The Boss was offered to teach at the newly instated HALO Military School at Fort Bragg in 1957. In 1970, Roy Campbell of the Green Berets was stationed in Fort Bragg when he and his unit were dispatched into Colombia to investigate San Hieronymo when it was mysteriously nearing completion until they were ambushed by the FOX unit.
Arlington National Cemetery is a graveyard for fallen soldiers and veterans, as well as a burial place for U.S. Presidents. Here, the lowliest private is buried alongside 4-star generals. It was created during the Civil War on the grounds of Arlington Farm, which had been seized from the family of General Robert E. Lee.
After the events of Operation Snake Eater in 1964, The Boss, despite her status as a traitor in the United States, and as a war criminal in the Soviet Union, was allowed to be buried in Arlington National cemetery, where her protége Naked Snake, a.k.a. Big Boss, visited and paid his respects.
Solid Snake later visited this grave to pay his respects to Big Boss, and was paying his respects when called in by Roy Campbell to participate in the mission to assassinate Liquid Ocelot. Shortly after completing the mission, as well as ending the Patriots, he revisits Arlington so he can erase his genes and memes, and later has his last meeting with Big Boss, before the latter succumbs to FOXDIE.
Langley is a suburb within Virginia in driving distance Washington D.C., the national capital of America. It's also the location of the headquarters of the CIA. Donald Anderson, during his time as a CIA member in the 1960s, lived in Langley, Virginia.
Naked Snake briefly visited Langley, more specifically, the CIA headquarters, in order to receive a medal for his accomplishment in Operation Snake Eater, as well as be promoted to the title of Big Boss, in reference to his defeating The Boss in the same mission.
The Pantex Plant was one of the nuclear disposal plants in the United States, located in Texas.
The Shadow Moses Island facility was officially developed in 2002 in part due to Pantex being over-capacitated with dismantling nuclear weapons.
Seattle is the county seat of Kings County, Washington, and also the largest metropolitan area in the Northwestern United States. It is a technological center and a major manufacturing area for the military since World War II with Boeing and various aircrafts.
In 1970, Dr. Clark, a.k.a. Para-Medic, founded the first paramedical system in Seattle, stemming from her medical license being revoked after the conclusion of Operation Snake Eater in 1964 despite the mission's success. It also housed the headquarters of ArmsTech Inc., which was responsible for the development of Metal Gear REX.
Washington D.C., full name Washington, District of Columbia, is the national capital of the United States, containing the main buildings for each of the three branches of government (the White House for the Executive Branch, the Capitol Building for the Legislative Branch, and the Supreme Court for the Judicial Branch). In addition, it was also the location of the Pentagon building, which acted as the main headquarters for the United States Department of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the related units of the United States Armed Forces.
During late August 1964, Washington was under high alert due to the events following the Virtuous Mission, resulting in the creation of Operation Snake Eater after negotiations with Nikita Khrushchev.
A mountain owned by the United States Federal Government. It contains a nuclear shelter in case Washington D.C. is targeted for a nuclear strike.
The Sears Administration intended to utilize the nuclear shelter in Mount Washington if the Sons of Big Boss terrorist group that took over the Shadow Moses Island facility was confirmed to have nuclear launch capability.
Behind the scenes Edit
The United States of America is featured heavily throughout the Metal Gear series, with the majority of characters and associated groups being of American nationality and origin. America as a setting first appears in Metal Gear Solid with Shadow Moses Island in Alaska.
In Snake's Revenge, one of the targets for Metal Gear 2's nuclear strike was New York City. Similarly, in Metal Gear: Ghost Babel, General Augustine Eguabon considered New York City as one of Metal Gear's targets, along with Washington D.C. and Los Angeles, when giving his ultimatum to the United States. Earlier in the game, a dummy warhead was launched from Metal Gear GANDER into a Nevada nuclear testing site.
In the North American version of Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops Plus, there are passcode unlockable soldiers that each represent the 50 states plus Washington, D.C.
Various promotion spots mentioned that the PMSC that Raiden was a member of, Maverick Security Consulting, Inc., based in Denver, Colorado. This was, however, debunked in the final game, where it was stated to take place in Nevada. In addition, a recent key art for Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance depicted Raiden next to the halved remains of a Denver Police squad car, implying that Denver would play a major role in the game. This was later confirmed with the Jack the Ripper trailer, where Raiden was chased by squad cars and Raiden himself was arriving at the downtown area with the implied intention of doing a corporate raid of World Marshal HQ.
Notes and referencesEdit
- ^ Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010).
Kazuhira Miller (radio): Does this guy have a Houdini complex or what? Good God, the man could swim his way out of Alcatraz.
- ^ In real life, it is in fact the only nuclear disposal plant in the United States, but in Metal Gear Solid, a Codec call to Nastasha Romanenko will have her mention that the nukes on the Shadow Moses Island nuclear disposal facility were normally supposed to be disposed at "Pantex or some other facility", implying that there were more disposal plants in America than in real life.
- ^ Metal Gear Solid: Ghost Babel, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2000)
Eguabon: Hello, Mr. President. Did you like my present. I'm sure you did - it is, after all, made in the U.S.A. No doubt you know the gist of my message. Withdraw the U.N. troops from Gindra immediately, and recognize our sovereignty. With U.S. backing, the motion will face no delays at the U.N. Security Council. You can save face, and millions of lives - voting lives. Not a bad deal, I think? But I'll set a deadline just to save you the procrastinating as well. 3 hours. If our demands are not met within 3 hours, a real nuclear warhead will be launched. The target will be.... hmm, New York City....? Or Los Angeles....Or perhaps Washington D.C. We'll see how I feel at the time. I expect glad tidings soon.
- Metal Gear Solid (The Twin Snakes)
- Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty
- Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater
- Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops
- Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots
- Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker
See also Edit
|This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at United States of America. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with the Metal Gear Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.|