The Wisemen's Committee was the first group of the Philosophers.
The Wisemen's Committee was a secret group of the most wealthy and powerful minds from the United States, Russia (or rather, the Soviet Union), and China who formed the Philosophers after the first World War.
The Boss's father was a member of the Wisemen's Committee and later revealed the nature of the organization to his daughter, but was killed shortly afterwards by the Philosophers. After the last of the original members died during the 1930s, the organization began to run out of control, and the Wisemen's Committee degenerated into a mere shell of its former self.
With the deaths of the Wisemen's Committee, tensions rose between the three feuding remnants of the Philosophers, becoming the hidden face of the Cold War as each group attempted to concentrate power in their own nation.
Decades later in 2009, Solidus Snake originally planned to steal data from Arsenal Gear regarding the "Wisemen's Committee," the twelve supposed members of the Patriots. Philanthropy later retrieved this information from Arsenal, but Otacon discovered that all twelve members of had been dead for at least a hundred years, and that "one of them was [Philanthropy's] biggest contributor." Solid Snake deduced that the information was false and was only a fake lead. The members of this Wisemen's Committee were most likely those of the original that founded the Philosophers.
Behind the scenesEdit
The Wisemen's Committee is possibly named after a group of government officials called the Wise Men featured in the 1986 novel of the same name who were responsible for several things during the Cold War, including developing the containment policy of dealing with the Communist bloc and crafting institutions and initiatives such as NATO, the World Bank, and the Marshall Plan.
In a flashback in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, only eleven members of the Wisemen's Committee are shown. In addition, a woman is shown to be one of them despite Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty and Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots showing that all twelve members of the Wisemen's Committee were men.